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Diwali, 7 November 2018

Diwali is one of the most revered and popular festivals of the Hindus. It is a holiday in India and Nepal. Diwali is known as the Festival of Lights. Diwali is also called Deepavali. Diwali is celebrated mainly in the honor to Goddess Lakshmi. Goddess Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth, prosperity, progress, wellbeing etc. Also, Diwali signifies light or victory over darkness, the good over evil, knowledge over ignorance etc. In some parts of the country, Diwali also marks the near or post-harvest time.

The date of Diwali every year can vary in the Gregorian calendar. The Diwali date is determined as per the Hindu lunar calendar. Diwali falls on the 15th day, of the Hindu month of Kartik, that has the darkest night. This corresponds to fall in Gregorian mid-October to mid-November period.

Diwali is a 5-day festivity, below is the significance of each day:

Day 1: 5th of November, Monday –    Dhanteras

Day 2: 6th of November, Tuesday –    Chhoti Diwali

Day 3: 7th of November, Wednesday – Main Diwali

Day 4: 8th of November, Thursday – Govardhan Puja

Day 5: 9th of November, Friday –       Bhai Dooj 

Diwali is celebrated by Hindus, Jains, Sikhs and in traces of some Buddhist communities, especially in Nepal; though in the modern day it is a cross-culture festival in the region. Natives, on the day of Diwali clean and decorate their homes. Home-family members, friends, etc place Diyas-clay oil lamps in their home premises and surrounding areas. Someplace fancy-colorful lights on the homes especially the external walls.

Rangoli-colored powder decorations, artworks are made, such as, on the floors. Many prepare special food and traditional sweets and extend invitations to relatives, neighbors and other guests. Many wear new or traditional clothes. Some have singing and dancing. Many visit each other’s homes and offer sweets and gifts. Bursting of crackers is on the decline and limited now though, due to environmental pollution reasons.

Many natives make purchases of important items to them like phones, vehicles, watches, home appliances, furniture, etc; some make investments at this time as this period is considered auspicious and lucky. There are many lucrative product-service offers-discounts on the market at this time.

As an important part of the Diwali celebration, there is also a focus on worship and prayers, Puja, to Goddess Lakshmi. Natives seek her blessings for wealth, prosperity, fortune, good health, etc. Many natives even visit Goddess Lakshmi and her consort Lord Vishnu temples.

A Mantra for Goddess Lakshmi is—

Om Hreem Shreem Lakshmibhayo Namah

ॐ ह्रीं श्रीं लक्ष्मीभयो नमः

Also Read - Chhoti Diwali, 6 November 2018

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Gurudev GD Vashist


Gurudev GD Vashist is also the author of Lal Kitab Amrit Vashist Jyotish. He is prominent in the India electronic media, like, leading TV channels like India News, Divya TV, Sadhna TV, Disha TV.
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