What is the significance of Diwali?
Diwali is one of the most valued and popular festivals in Hindu Culture. It is a national holiday in India and Nepal. Diwali is known as the event of Lights. Diwali is also known as Deepavali. Diwali is renowned mainly in the admiration of Goddess Lakshmi. Goddess Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth, prosperity, progress, wellbeing etc. Diwali also signifies light and victory over darkness, the good over evil, knowledge over ignorance, etc. In some parts of the country, Diwali also marks the near or post-harvest time.
The date of Diwali every year can vary in the Gregorian calendar. The Diwali date is determined as per the Hindu lunar calendar. Diwali falls on the 15th day, of the Hindu month of Kartik that has the darkest night. This corresponds to fall in Gregorian mid-October to mid-November period.
Celebration of Chhoti Diwali and Main Diwali:-
Chhoti Diwali comes on the 2nd day of the five days of the Diwali celebration. Chhoti Diwali comes after the 1st-day festivity of Dhanteras. The Hindi expression ‘Chhoti’ means minute. Chhoti Diwali is also called as Naraka Chaturdashi. The Sanskrit expression ‘Naraka’ is meant to be hell and signifies to the evil spirit King Narakasura in the context of story following Naraka Chaturdashi. Chaturdashi is a date. Chatur means 4 and Dashi signifies 10, consequently, Chaturdashi is meant to be 14.
Chhoti Diwali (Naraka Chaturdashi) is resolute according to the Hindu lunar calendar. It comes on the 14th day, in the Krishna Paksha (phase of the moon), in the Hindu calendar as the month of Kartik. This matches up to the Gregorian October-November era. Krishna Paksha is the fading-decline phase of the moon in the night.
Diwali is celebrated by Hindus, Jains, and Sikhs and in traces of some Buddhist communities, especially in Nepal; though in the modern day it is a cross-culture festival in the region. Natives, on the day of Diwali clean and decorate their homes. Home-family members, friends etc place Diyas-clay oil lamps in their home premises and surrounding areas. Someplace fancy-colorful lights on the homes especially the external walls.
Rangoli-colored powder decorations, artworks are made, such as, on the floors. Many prepare special food and traditional sweets and extend invitations to relatives, neighbors and other guests. Many wear new or traditional clothes. Some have singing and dancing. Many visit each other’s homes and offer sweets and gifts. Bursting of crackers is on the decline and limited now though, due to environmental pollution reasons.
Many natives make purchases of important items to them like phones, vehicles, watches, home appliances, furniture etc; some make investments at this time as this period is considered auspicious and lucky. There are many lucrative product-service offers-discounts on the market at this time.
As an important part of the Diwali celebration, there is also focus on worship and prayers, Puja, to Goddess Lakshmi. Natives seek her blessings for wealth, prosperity, fortune, good health, etc. Many natives even visit Goddess Lakshmi and her consort Lord Vishnu temples.
Mantra’s to chanting during Diwali puja:-
Lakshmi Vinayaka Mantra (लक्ष्मी विनायक मन्त्र):-
ॐ श्रीं गं सौम्याय गणपतये वर वरद सर्वजनं मे वशमानय स्वाहा
॥Om Shreem Gam Saumyaya Ganpataye Vara Varada
Sarvajanam Me Vashamanaya Svaha॥
Lakshmi Ganesha Dhyana Mantra (लक्ष्मी गणेश ध्यान मन्त्र):-
दन्ताभये चक्रवरौ दधानं, कराग्रगं स्वर्णघटं त्रिनेत्रम्।
धृताब्जयालिङ्गितमाब्धि पुत्र्या-लक्ष्मी गणेशं कनकाभमीडे
॥Dantabhaye Chakravarau Dadhanam, Karagragam Swarnghatam Trinetram।
Dhritabjayalingitamabdhi Putrya-Lakshmi Ganesham Kanakabhamide॥
Rinharta Ganapati Mantra (ऋणहर्ता गणपति मन्त्र):-
ॐ गणेश ऋणं छिन्धि वरेण्यं हुं नमः फट्
॥Om Ganesha Rinam Chhindhi Varenyam Hum Namah Phat॥
(Updated Date & Time :- 2019-10-22 13:03:56 )
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