Ramadan, also called Ramzan in some parts of the world like India, is a holy-sacred Muslim annual one month’s worship observance. In the Indian festivals and among the people, Ramadan is called Ramzan. The main rite during the Ramzan, 9th Islamic Hijri calendar month, is the observance of fast from before sunrise to after the sunset, during all the days of the holy month.
The meal consumed before the day’s fast, before the sunrise, before dawn, is called suhoor. The meal consumed after the day’s fast, i.e., after the sunset, after dusk, is called Iftar. However, the main mega-event of Iftar rich dinner party is held at the end of Ramzan.
Prayers are carried out more devotedly in the month of Ramzan, though the prayers can be done at any time throughout the year. Prayers during Ramzan are considered auspicious as it is said that the Holy Quran was first revealed to Prophet Muhammad during the period of Ramadan month. Ramzan also purifies the mind, soul and the body.
Fasting during Ramzan is called on the five pillars of Islam, along with with Haj pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, five-time daily prayer, facing the direction of Mecca from presence at any part of the world during prayers, and the belief in one God. During Ramzan, many natives seek forgiveness for any sins.
The start date and the month period of Ramzan can vary every year in the Gregorian calendar. The Ramzan date is determined as per the Islamic lunar calendar, astronomical calculations and the sighting of the moon crescent. Ramzan is the ninth Islamic calendar month. Ramzan starts on the 1st day of the month of Ramzan aka Ramadan. In 2019, it is falling on the 6th of May in India. The exact date may vary country or region-wise due to geographic location. As the food is consumed only after the sunset, many food outlets, groceries, markets, vegetable shops, restaurants etc remain open till later at night than the usual timings.
Though natives observe fast and prayers through the month of Ramzan, they normally go to work. In many workplaces, the workday timings are shortened or made flexible especially for prayers. At the end of the month of Ramzan, the Eid-ul-Fitr festivity is celebrated. The end of Ramzan, Eid follows and is a holiday across India and many parts of the world. Government offices, schools, colleges, public institutions, etc remain closed. Adults observe the fasting; children, and people with illnesses, physical problems, or pregnancy, under medication, etc can avoid and are exempted from observing the fast.
In India, natives celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr with great fervor. New clothes are worn. Many distribute gifts and visit each others’ homes. Special meals are prepared. Sweets are distributed. Many natives make charities, donations especially of food to the poor or needy. Many e-commerce, shops, traders, etc come out with special product-services offers on the market on the occasion of Eid. Many visit mosques and holy places. Eid-ul-Fitr also marks the 1st day of the new Islamic month, Shawwal, on completion of the previous month of Ramadan. Eid-ul-Fitr also marks and signifies the end of the fast of Ramzan.
A quote from the Holy Quran is—
O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was
decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous.
(Updated Date & Time :- 2019-05-01 14:54:05 )
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