Astroscience
Guru Nanak Gurpurab, 23 November 2018

Guru Nanak Gurpurab, 23 November 2018

Guru Nanak Gurpurab, also known as Guru Nanak Jayanti is an annual holy Sikh event observed in remembrance and birth celebration of Prakash Shri Guru Nanak Ji. Jayanti means anniversary. 

The date of Gurpurab is determined according to the Sikh Nanakshahi calendar. Gurpurab falls on the Pooranmashi, meaning the full moon day, in the Nanakshahi calendar’s 8th month called Katak. Katak corresponds to Kartik month in the Hindu calendar. This corresponds to the Gregorian October-November period. In 2018, Gurpurab falls on the 23rd of November in 2018; though as per sources, it is widely said that Guru Nanak Ji was actually born on the Gregorian date 15th of April 1469. This actually corresponds to the month of Baisakh. Gurpurab means the day of the Guru.

As part of Indian heritage, culture and legacy, it is being decided by the Indian Government-authorities that Guru Nanak Ji’s 550th birth will be celebrated grandly next year, April 2019, with a slogan “Year of Global Brotherhood” with special cultural programs and events. The close date of 13th April 2019 will mark the centenary, 100th year, of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre aka Amritsar massacre.

Gurpurab is observed mainly by Sikhs but also by many other Indians irrespective of religion, background and region, like, by Hindu Punjabis, Sindhis, etc. Some observe it for 3 days. It is observed in other parts of the world as well, such as Canada, the UK, etc.

On the day of Gurpurab, natives wake up early in the morning. They later proceed to Gurudwara to commemorate “Prabhat Pheri”, meaning morning journey, a processions ceremony in large numbers. Prabhat Pheris start from Gurudwaras and reach out to different localities, journey with singing-reciting Shabads, hymns, with traditional dresses, etc. Many natives light their homes with colorful lights and other decorations. Special food and sweets are prepared especially in Gurudwara Lungars. Some make food, clothes, and other item donations.

Guru Nanak Dev Ji is the first of the 10 Gurus in Sikhism. He is the Founder of the Sikh religion. Guru Nanak Ji’s words and teachings are part of the hymns of the holy sacred book Guru Granth Sahib. He traveled extensively, including places like Tibet, Arabia, and South Asia region like Sri Lanka, etc in those times. Guru Nanak Ji traveled to spread the message of peace, inter-religion harmony, compassion, equal rights for women, educate people about mankind, etc.

A Japu by Guru Nanak Ji in the holy book is—

ੴ Sati Namu Karataa Purakhu Nirabhau 
Akaala Murati Ajuni Saibha Gura Prasadi

ੴ ਸਤਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਨਿਰਭਉ ਨਿਰਵੈਰੁ
ਅਕਾਲ ਮੂਰਤਿ ਅਜੂਨੀ ਸੈਭੰ ਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥ 


Also Read - Prabodhini Ekadashi, 19 November 2018

(Updated Date & Time :- 2018-11-19 05:17:19 )


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