Chaitra Sukhladi, Ugadi, Gudi Padwa, Cheti Chand, etc all relate to the Hindu New Year.
The date of the Hindu New Year is determined according to the Hindu calendar. The Hindu New Year falls in the Hindu calendar month of Chaitra, which is the 1st month, on Chaitra month’s first new moon day, in the Shukla Paksha. Shukla Paksha is the rising-waxing phase of the moon. However, in Nepal and in some parts of India like West Bengal, Chaitra is regarded as the last month of the year. The date of the Hindu New Year can vary in every Gregorian calendar year. But this always corresponds to and falls in the Gregorian March end - beginning April period. In 2019, the Hindu New Year is falling on the 6th of April, on Saturday.
The 6th of April also marks the start of Chaitra Navratri, a sacred festivity for 9 days, up to the 14th of April. The main purpose of the Navratri is to worship mother Maa Durga and the incarnations. Chaitra is also regarded by many as the month of Lord Vishnu.
The Hindu New Year also marks the spring season, Vasant Ritu. This also relates to Chaitra Sukhladi. Vasant Ritu is one of the 6 seasons of India. Vasant Ritu is regarded by many natives as the best season in the year for many factors.
Chaitra Sukhladi relates to and is called Ugadi in Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.
Chaitra Sukhladi and Ugadi relate to and is called Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra, Goa and Konkani natives.
Chaitra Sukhladi, the New Year relates to Cheti Chand among the Sindhi Hindus. Here, Cheti means the Hindu calendar month of Chaitra. Chand means moon and marks the celebration of Jhulelal Jayanti, the birth anniversary of the patron Saint Ishta Deva also called Jhulelal. However, Cheti Chand is observed on the 2nd day in the Hindu calendar month of Chaitra, therefore it is falling on the 7th April in 2019. Many regard deity Jhulelal as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
In the celebration of the Hindu New Year, many natives prepare special food and sweet items. Many decorate their homes or surrounding areas. Some visits each others’ homes. Many visit temples; they seek the blessings of God for a good New Year with prosperity, peace, safety, success, happiness, etc.
A Mantra for Lord Vishnu is—
Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya
ॐ नमो भगवते वासुदेवाय
(Updated Date & Time :- 2019-04-03 15:10:57 )
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