What is Sawan?
The Hindi word Sawan refers to the Indian monsoon season. Sawan is also the holy Indian monsoon lunar month. Sawan Maas, also called Shravana, is the 5th month of the Hindu lunar calendar. Shravana is the Sanskrit word for Sawan. Shravan is derived from the Shravan Nakshatra. The Sanskrit word Maas means month.
Sawan is dedicated to the supreme Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva is one of the top three deities, in Trinity, along with Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva. The period of Sawan Maas is best reflected in a Hindu lunar calendar.
When does the Sawan month happen?
The start-end date and the month period of the Sawan Maas can vary every year in relation to the Gregorian or Julian calendar. The dates may also vary region-wise in India. Basically, there are two systems of observing the Sawan month, i.e., in the northern States of U.P, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab etc, In 2019, the Sawan month in this region is from the Gregorian dates, the 17th of July to the 15th of August; whereas, in southern States, the Sawan period differs a little.
What is the Sawan Shivratri?
The Sawan Shivratri is observed like a mega event or festival in dedication to Lord Shiva. Sawan Shivratri is the sacred, the most splendid and grand day in the holy month of Sawan. According to a legend, it is believed that Lord Shiva was impressed with the devotion of Goddess Parvati and agreed to be her consort, therefore, also the celebration of two powers coming together, i.e., Shakti and Lord Shiva.
How is Sawan Shivratri celebrated?
On Sawan Shivratri, devotees worship Lord Shiva most dedicatedly. They seek the blessings and auspiciousness of Lord Shiva for happiness, prosperity, marital bliss, overall wellness, good health, etc in life. Many perform the auspicious and sacred prayer called Maha Rudra Abhishek.
Why is Sawan Shivratri observed?
According to a belief and mythology, offering water on Lord Shiva on Sawan Shivratri makes Lord Shiva very happy, and fulfils the wishes and desires of the devotees. Sawan month itself is dedicated to Lord Shiva, and Sawan Shivratri is considered the most sacred time to worship Lord Shiva.
When does the Sawan Shivratri take place?
Sawan Shivratri happens on the day of Pradosh Vrat. Pradosh Vrat is observed once every lunar month in dedication to Lord Shiva. It is observed in the Trayodashi Tithi, day of the two Paksha, fortnightly, The Shivratri that falls in the month of Sawan is called Sawan Shivratri. Trayodashi means the 13th day each in the two fortnights the lunar month, i.e., Shukla Paksha and Krishna Paksha.
A Mantra for Lord Shiva is—
Om Namah Shivaya
ॐ नमः शिवाय
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