Kumbh Mela and Ardh Kumbh Mela - 15 January 2019

Kumbh Mela and Ardh Kumbh Mela - 15 January 2019

Kumbh, in the context of Kumbh Mela means pot; Kumbh also means the astrological sign Aquarius. Mela means Fair, event or festival. Kumbh Mela is one of the holiest Hindu pilgrimage, festivals, Fairs, and events. Below is a brief description of the holy Kumbh Mela:

  1. The biggest mega event Maha Kumbh Mela is held once in 144 years; which is held only in Allahabad. This is regarded as the largest religious gathering on Earth. It comes on completion of 12 Purna Kumbh Melas, therefore, 12 Purna Kumbh Melas x 12 years = 144. The last was held in 2013.
  2. The sub-main Purna Kumbh Mela is held every 12th year, as indicated above. Purna means full or complete. The Kumbh Mela is also regarded as one of the world’s largest religious gatherings. The last was held in 2013, which was with the Maha Kumbh Mela. The next one will be held in 2025. Purna Kumbh Mela can be held in any of the 4 holy places, Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain and Nasik, in rotation.
  3. The Ardh Kumbh Mela is held every 6 years, either in Allahabad or Haridwar. The next Ardh Kumbh Mela is to be held on the 15th of January 2019 in Allahabad. Ardh means half; in this context half of Purna Kumbh Mela, i.e., 12 ÷ 2 = 6, also 2013 + 6 = 2019.
  4. A general Kumbh Mela is also held every 3rd year in one of these same holy cities Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nasik, turn-wise, in rotation.
  5. However, Magh Mela is held annually which is also regarded as small Kumbh Mela. Magh is the 11th month in the Hindu lunar calendar. Magh relates to around Gregorian January-February period.


The names of the Kumbh Melas are Prayag Kumbh Mela of Allahabad, Haridwar Kumbh Mela, Nasik Kumbh Mela, Ujjain Simhastha Kumbh Mela, respectively. Here Prayag refers to Allahabad. Prayag is the holy place, the confluence of rivers.

The Kumbh Mela, also importantly involves the holy dip or the ritual bathing on the banks by devotees, Saints-sadhus, visitors etc. The river bank is called Ghats. The holy Ganga, aka as the Ganges, origins from the mountainous Himalayan region, from a place called Gaumukh, Gangotri. It flows through Haridwar and Allahabad. However, the Kumbh Mela held in the holy cities Ujjain and Nasik pass these cities’ rivers Shipra and Godavari, respectively. The holy river Shipra is also spelt Kshipra.

The Kumbh Mela is also an attraction for the international tourists. There are millions of visitors and devotees to the Kumbh Mela. The devotees revere taking the holy dip in the sacred river also to seek cleansing of any sins that they may have committed, knowingly or unknowingly. The dip in the holy water is also believed to have health care value.

In a legend, it is said that Lord Vishnu dropped 4 drops of Amrit, nectar, on way, from the pot-Kumbh, at the time of transporting it. The nectar was said to be immortal. These 4 drops are the 4 current day cities Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain and Nasik.


A Mantra for Lord Vishnu is—                

                        Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya

                        ॐ नमो भगवते वासुदेवाय

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(Updated Date & Time :- 2019-01-17 09:40:45 )

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